What is gum disease, and what treatment options are available?

Dr. Jon Edmondson of Edmondson Family Dental Care describes gum disease, or periodontal disease, as a gum infection that starts in the soft tissues and spreads. It is caused by bacteria in plaque, a sticky film that builds up on teeth. If the plaque isn’t removed by brushing and flossing, it will harden into calculus (tartar), which can only be removed with a professional dental cleaning.

What are the symptoms of a gum infection?

Some of the more common and noticeable symptoms of gum disease include:

• Red or swollen gums

• Bleeding when brushing or flossing

• Tenderness when chewing

• Receding gums

• Bad breath

If gum disease isn’t treated, it can progress to more serious conditions such as advanced periodontal disease or even tooth loss.

What treatment options are available for gum disease?

Treatment for gum disease includes a combination of scaling, root planing, and oral antibiotics to help reduce the infection. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to restore lost gum tissue. If you have early-stage periodontal disease, known as gingivitis, you may be able to reverse gingivitis with periodontal treatment with Dr. Jon Edmondson. However, once it progresses into the later stages, it can only be controlled and managed.

How can I prevent the development of periodontal disease?

Preventing gum disease is the best treatment option, especially since this condition cannot be cured once it has developed. Good oral hygiene habits are essential for keeping your gums healthy and preventing gum disease. Brush twice daily, floss at least once daily, use mouthwash to reduce bacteria levels, and see your dental provider regularly for checkups and professional cleanings. Taking care of your oral health will help you maintain strong, healthy teeth and gums for life.

Do I have periodontal disease?

If you have the symptoms of periodontal disease, even the early signs of gingivitis, it is critical that you visit Dr. Jon Edmondson of Edmondson Family Dental Care in Windsor Mill, MD, to get a proper diagnosis and discuss gum infection treatment. Call (410) 220-5309 to request a visit at 3100 Lord Baltimore Drive, Suite #210.